Types of Endpoint Security

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1) Antivirus Solutions: Antivirus solutions can scan files present locally on the endpoint device for malicious threats via consulting against threat intelligence databases and can protect themselves against signature-based attacks and potential malware with unknown signatures by examining its behavior.

2) Application Control: As the name suggests Application control component controls applications’ permissions, ensuring strict restrictions on what they can or cannot do. To accomplish this, it uses whitelisting, blacklisting, and gray-listing to prevent malicious applications from running and compromised applications from running in malicious ways.

3) Network Access Control: NAC overlaps with identity and access management. The primary focus of NAC is on securing access to network nodes. This component what devices and users can access and do what on organizations network infrastructure.

4) Endpoint Firewall: Software Firewalls component of the Endpoint security software is responsible for filtering the traffic flowing into and going out of endpoint onto the network based on ‘a set of security rules’. It provides granular management of inbound and outbound network activities, hides system ports from scans, and provides warnings when suspicious activities are detected.

5) Host Intrusion Prevention: Rules-based HIPS that monitors application activities and system processes, blocking those that are malicious by halting actions that could damage critical system components.

6) URL Filtering: This allows the organizations to restrict web traffic to trusted websites; in turn, this prevents users from accessing malicious websites with potentially harmful content. URL filtering can prevent surreptitious downloads on hosts, granting organizations more control over what gets downloaded.

7) Browser Isolation: Works to execute browsing sessions in isolated environments where it cannot reach valuable digital assets. Therefore, activity remains restricted to isolated environments. Additionally, the tool destroys web browser codes after the user browsing session is over.

8) Cloud Perimeter Security: Endpoint security can no longer merely concern itself with users’ devices. In addition, it must form a protective perimeter around users cloud environments and databases. Cloud providers are not responsible for organizations enterprise’s Cyber security; hackers can target organizations cloud-stored assets too. Cloud perimeter security allows enterprise to harden their cloud infrastructure against incoming threats.

9) Endpoint Encryption: This component prevents issues such as data leaks (whether intentional or not) via data transfer by fully encrypting that data. Specifically, it encrypts data stored on endpoints.

10) Sandboxing: A “sandbox” serves as an isolated and secure digital environment which perfectly replicates typical end-user operating system. As such, it can contain potential threats for observation. This component helps contain zero-day threats and works well against zero-day attacks.

11) Secure Email Gateways: Secure email gateways monitor incoming and outgoing messages for suspicious behavior, preventing them from being delivered. They can be deployed according to organizations IT infrastructure to prevent phishing attacks.

12) Internet of Things (IoT) Security: This work to improve visibility in IoT devices on organization’s network, and provide a consistent and easily upgradable layer of Cyber security, and close security vulnerabilities into the network introduced by the IoT devices.

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